Phonics at The Minster
Phonics is a method of teaching children to read and write quickly and skilfully. At The Minster Nursery and Infants School we follow the Letters and Sounds programme. Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills which consists of six phases. We teach discrete phonic lessons which are fun, interactive and follow a set outline of Recap, Teach, Practise, Apply and Assess. To cater for a wide range of learning styles, our teaching includes games, singing and resources from Jolly Phonics, Phonics Play and Cued Articulation.
In EYFS children are taught to recognise the 44 sounds in the English language which we put together to form words. Some are represented by one letter, like ‘t’, and some by two or more, like ‘ck’ in duck and ‘oi’ as in oil. We refer to these as diagraphs. Once they have mastered the initial sounds the children are encouraged to match them to letters, then blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word. Finally, they use their knowledge of the sounds and blending skills to support their spelling. The children learn to read a list of age appropriate ‘tricky’ words, words which do not follow the rules of standard English and cannot be sounded out using their phonics e.g ‘the’.