Phonics at The Minster
Phonics is a method of teaching children to read and write quickly and skilfully. At The Minster Nursery and Infants School, we follow the Read Write Inc programme. The Read Write Inc programme includes the discrete teaching of phonics, and uses storybooks and writing activity books, which are carefully matched to the phonics teaching.
From Reception, children are taught to recognise the 40+ sounds in the English language which we put together to form words. Children will progress through 3 sets of sounds. Some are represented by one letter, like ‘t’, and some by two or more, like ‘ck’ in duck and ‘ar’ as in car. We refer to sounds represented as two or more letters as ‘special friends’. As children learn the different sounds and match them to letters, they then learn to blend these sounds together to make a word, e.g. ‘c – a -t’ makes ‘cat’. Children are taught how to use their phonics to support their spelling. The children also learn to read ‘red’ or ‘tricky’ words, words which do not follow the rules of standard English and cannot be sounded out using their phonics e.g ‘the’.